📝Spiral Dynamics’ explanation of history is a speculation


§ Spiral Dynamics

Spiral Dynamics’ explanation human history as a series of evolving average vMEMEs. Any reference to history (when stages emerge, how they evolved) are not based on data and are mere speculations (drawing from anthropology?).

Chris Cowan also warned that examples in “Where Found” and political analyses are over-simplistic in Beck & Cowan2006 (Cowan2013).