- Macnamara, Brooke N. and Hambrick, David Z. and Moreau, David
Reply to: Ericsson2016
Inconsistent in whether Deliberate Practice should be designed by teacher or not
Most notably, Ericsson (2016) claims we deviated from his definition of deliberate practice as training designed by a teacher. Yet, he previously explained that deliberate practice does not need to be designed by a teacher. Ericsson (1998) stated, “Ericsson, Krampe, and Tesch-Römer (1993) proposed the term deliberate practice to refer to those training activities that were designed solely for the purpose of improving individuals’ performance by a teacher or the performers themselves ” (p. 84, emphasis added; see also Keith & Ericsson, 2007).
Ericsson criticized for inclusion of studies that use subjective indicators (including to the national sport team), yet he cited these same papers as to argue the importance of deliberate practice
When excluding subjective estimates / group activities / composite activities, results are consistent.
They didn’t sum up all activities and didn’t average results of different activities